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REWRITING TRADITION

Female Fighters of the Andes

Takanakuy (v.): "To hit each other" (Quechua)

Indigenous women of the Peruvian Andes break gender norms by taking matters into their own hands during Takanakuy Fighting Festival. Each Christmas Day, Peruvians of the Chumbivilcas province challenge each other to fight in a supervised setting and resolve personal grievances. An ancient Incan festival for men to display dominance while dressed in decorative costume, women are traditionally prohibited from participating in fights. Women of the Chumbivilcas today are defying custom by stepping up to fight for themselves in front of thousands and rewriting tradition for future generations.

Traditionally a festival reserved for men to display strength and dominance, women of the Chumbivilcas province today are breaking gender norms and creating a new norm to step up and fight in front of thousands. Every Christmas morning, people of the Chumbivilcas all gather together to sing and dance in preparation for Takanakuy - the region's annual fighting festival. Located high in remote Peruvian Andes, people from all around the Chumbivilcas region gather in the town of Santo Tomas and the nearby village of Llique. During Takanakuy, the population increases from 300 to approximately 3000.

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Men hide their faces and dress in male-specific "Quaranwantanna" costume often consisting of a Peruvian ski mask, leather, riding gear, and a dead bird for intimidation. Women wear traditional dress specific to the Chumbivilcas region.

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A display of power, fighters dance around the fighting pit challenging any onlookers or calling out specific individuals to fight and settle personal grievances.

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 Copyright © Mike Kai Chen

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